Japanese I-29

Vocabulary


English
week
1 week
2 weeks
3 weeks
period of 1 week
how many weeks?

since
when
since when?
yesterday

to drink
thing
beverage

likable, desirable
I like

masu (past neg.)


romaji
shuu
is-shuu
ni shuu
san shuu
is-shuu kan
nan shuu

itsu
kara
itsu kara?
kinou

nomu
mono
nomi-mono

suki-na
suki desu

-masen deshita


kana
しゅう
いっしゅう
にしゅう
さんしゅう
いっしゅう かん
なんしゅう

いつ
から
いつから?
きのう

のむ
もの
のみもの

すきな
すき です

ませんでした


kanji
 
 
 
 
いっしゅう間
何しゅう

 
 
 
 

 
 

飲む
 
飲もの

 


Sample sentences

‘nani-ka’ does not need the ‘wo’ particle but ‘nani-ka nomi-mono’ does.

Eng: I bought something.
I bought something to drink.


formal
nani-ka kai-mashita.
nanika nomi-mono wo kai-mashita.

casual
nani-ka kai-ta.
nanika nomi-mono wo kat-ta.



Eng: I want to spend a week.
I want to stay a week.


formal
is-shuu kan sugoshitai desu.
is-shuu kan itai desu.

casual
is-shuu kan sugoshitai.
is-shuu kan itai.


Comments

The following comments explain some of the grammar in more detail.

Verbs

masu (past neg.)

The complete conjugation of the formal -masu form is


 
non-past
past


positive
-masu (-ます)
-mashita (-ました)


negative
-masen (-ません)
-masen deshita (-ませんでした)


and the casual version is:


 
non-past
past


positive
dict. form
dict. form + nai


negative
dict. form + ta
dict. form + nakatta


For example,


English
I eat
I don’t eat
I ate
I didn’t eat


formal
tabe-masu
tabe-masen
tabe-mashita
tabe-masen deshita


casual
tabe-ru
tabe-nai
tabe-ta
tabe-nakatta