Japanese I-27

Vocabulary


English
hyaku

with
together
(be) together with
(act) together with

to be, to stay
want to be

to go back/return
masu (formal)
dict (casual)
-te (imperative)


romaji
hyaku

to
issho
to issho
to issho ni

imasu
itai

 
kaeri-masu
kaeru
kaette


kana
ひゃく


いっしょ
と いっしょ
と いっしょに

います
いたい

 
かえります
かえる
かえって


kana

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 


  • the kanjy of ‘hyaku’ (100) is 百; it looks like a ‘100’ turned on its side.

Sample sentences

Eng: I want to stay here together with you.

lit: together with you here I want to stay.


formal
anata to issho ni koko ni itai desu

あなたと いっしょに ここに いたい です

あなたといっしょにここにいたいです。

casual
kimi to issho ni koko ni itai.

きみと いっしおに ここに いたい

きみといっしょにここにいたい。


Comments

The following comments explain some of the grammar in more detail.

Verbs

kaeru (かえる)

‘kaeru’ means ‘to go back’ or ‘to return’. In spite of ending in ‘eru’, ‘kaeru’ is a ‘group 1’ verb. The following are the conjugations that we have seen so far:


English
return
not return

want to return
do not want to return


formal
kaeru
kaeranai

kaeritai desu
kaeritaku arimasen


casual
kae-masu
kae-masen

kaeritai
kaeritaku nai


to have (‘motte imasu’/imasu)

‘motte imasu’ means ‘to have’ in the sense of ‘to own/possess’ or ‘to hold’ or ‘to carry’. ‘imasu’ means ‘to have’ in the sense of ‘there are’ or ‘to exist’ (great post in yesjapan).


English
I have (own) money.
I have (own) a car.
I have (hold) a box.
I have (hold) a baby.

I have children. (children exist)
I have friends. (friends exist)
I have a baby. (a baby exists)
There is a baby.


romaji
o-kane wo motte imasu.
kuruma wo motte imasu.
hako wo motte imasu.
aka-chan wo motte imasu.

kodomo ga imasu.
tomo-dachi ga imasu.
aka-chan ga imasu.
aka-chan ga imasu.


Adverbs

to vs. to issho vs. to issho ni

In lesson 8 we were introduced to ‘to’ as ‘with someone’, and now we are told that ‘to issho (ni)’ is ‘together with someone’. These are exactly the same thing (Japanese from zero), they are two common ways to say the same thing. We use ‘issho’ for non-action verbs and ‘issho ni’ for action verbs.


English
I live in Tokyo with my wife.
I live in Tokyo together with my wife.

I go to Tokyo with my wife.
I go to Tokyo together with my wife.


romaji
kanai to toukyou ni sundeimasu.
kanai to issho toukyou ni sundeimasu.

kanai to toukyou he ikimasu.
kanai to issho ni toukyou he ikimasu.